West Virginia State Museum Education

A War Within a State

A War Within a State

Battle of Corricks Ford

civil war

This battle saw the first general officer killed in the Civil War, Confederate Gen. Robert S. Garnett. Cut off by the Rich Mountain defeat of Col. John Pegram on July 11, General Garnett first withdrew to the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike at Leadsville (now Elkins, West Virginia). There, Garnett was mistakenly informed that the town of Beverly, just ahead, was held by Union forces and turned his troops northeast to avoid them.

Union Brig. Gen. Thomas A. Morris, on July 12, directed pursuit of Garnett's troops into Tucker County, down Pleasant Run to Shavers Fork. The southerners were overtaken the following morning, bivouacked at Kalers Ford. A running battle down Shavers Fork to First and Second Corrick's Ford ensued. The Confederates' wagons became bogged down in mud and sand at the second crossing. From a bluff overlooking First Corrick's Ford, skirmishers tried to hold off the Union soldiers.

At the second crossing, General Garnett was shot and killed. General Morris captured a large number of Confederate soldiers and their baggage train, then saw to it that his former West Point classmate's body was transported to his family in eastern Virginia. The remnants of Garnett's southern troops, reorganized to Parsons Ford, eventually found their way to Monterey, Virginia.

Source: Hendricks, R.F. "Battle of Corrick's Ford." e-WV: The West Virignia Encyclopedia. 26 June 2012.

Helpful Links

e-West Virginia Battle of Corricks Ford

e-West Virginia The Story of Statehood Lesson Plan

e-West Virginia Civil War Battles in Western Virginia Lesson Plan

e-West Virginia Civil War

West Virginia Archives and History Civil War Sources