West Virginia State Museum Education

A War Within a State

A War Within a State

Battle of Greenbrier River/Allegheny Mountain

civil war

Also known as the Battle of Camp Bartow. During the night of October 2 - 3, Brig. Gen. Joseph Reynolds with two brigades advanced from Cheat Mountain to gather information about the Confederate position at Camp Bartow on the Greenbrier River. Reynolds drove in the Confederate pickets and opened fire with his artillery. After sporadic fighting and an unsuccessful attempt to turn his enemy's right flank, Reynolds withdrew to Cheat Mountain.

Also known as the Battle of Allegheny Mountain, was one of the bloodiest battles during the Civil War's first year. In December, Confederate forces under Col. Edward Johnson occupied the summit of Allegheny Mountain to defend the Staunton-Parkersburg Pike. A Union force under Brig. Gen. Robert Milroy attacked Johnson on December 13. Fighting continued for much of the morning as each side maneuvered to gain the advantage. Finally, Milroy's troops were repulsed and he retreated to his camps near Cheat Mountain. At year's end, Edward Johnson remained at Camp Allegheny with five regiments, and Henry Heth was at Lewisburg with two regiments.

Helpful Links

e-West Virginia Battle of Greenbrier River/Allegheny Mountain

e-West Virginia The Story of Statehood Lesson Plan

e-West Virginia Civil War Battles in Western Virginia Lesson Plan

e-West Virginia Civil War

West Virginia Archives and History Civil War Sources