West Virginia State Museum Education

West Virginia's Historic People

Important People

John Robert "J.R." Clifford

J.R. Clifford

John Robert “J.R.” Clifford (1848-1933) was born on a farm in what is now Grant County. Clifford was a Civil War soldier, educator, newspaper owner, lawyer, and political activist for African-American rights, advancements, and liberties. His legal victories included the 1892 West Virginia Supreme Court ruling that colored schools must have the same term and teacher pay as white schools.

Helpful Links

e-West Virginia J.R. Clifford

e-West Virginia Niagara Movement